Local time is the same as GMT (+1 During UK winter months)
English is the official language, but many people also speak Afrikaans and German. There are also several indigenous languages spoken, mainly in the rural areas
The cold Benguela current keeps the coast of the Namib Desert cool, damp and free of rain for most of the year, with a thick coastal fog. Inland, rain falls in summer. Summer temperatures are high while the altitude means that nights are cool. Winter nights can be fairly cold, but days are generally warm and pleasant.
The early settlements of Windhoek came about because of the water from the hot springs. Present-day Windhoek was founded on 18 October 1890, when Major Curt Von François - who was sent to the country with his corps to maintain order - fixed the foundation stone of the fort, which is now known as the Alte Feste (Old Fortress). After 1907, development accelerated as people migrated from the countryside to the city and also some immigrated from outside the country. The German colonial era came to an end during World War I when South African troops occupied Windhoek in May 1915 on behalf of the British Empire. After World War II, Windhoek's development gradually gained momentum, as more capital became available to improve the area's economic climate. Population: 2 million (UN estimate 2005)
Namibias landscape is vast and varied. It has seventeen national parks and game reserves within fourteen vegetation zones ranging from several variations of desert vegetation to semi-desert, mopane, mountain, thorn bush, highland, dwarf shrub, camel thorn and mixed tree and shrub savannahs and the forest savannahs and woodlands of the north east. A desert plant that has caused much interest amongst botanists worldwide is the living fossil, Welwitschia mirabilis, endemic to the Namib Desert and one of the oldest plants known to man. Big game: ,Elephant, Lion, Rhino, Buffalo, Cheetah, Leopard, Giraffe, Antelope
Borders: Angola 1,376 km, Botswana 1,360 km, South Africa 967 km and
Zambia 233 km.
Total area: 825,418 sq km
Lowest point: Atlantic Ocean at 0m
Highest point: Konigstein which measures 2,606m
Main exports: Minerals, beef, cattle and fish.
Main imports: Foodstuffs, construction material and manufactured goods.
Main trading partners: South Africa, UK, Spain, Japan and USA
Currency: The official currency is the Namibian Dollar (NAD) divided into 100 cents. Its value is equal to the South African Rand, which is also accepted as legal currency in Namibia.
"Namibia, Land of the Brave' was composed by Axali Doeseb. The words of the first verse echo the country's long struggle for independence: "Namibia, land of the brave, Freedom's fight we have won, Glory to their bravery, whose blood waters our freedom". The chorus is "Namibia our Country, Namibia our Motherland, we love thee".